Research: WANG and COLLEAGUES,

Listed in Issue 242

Abstract

WANG and COLLEAGUES,  (1)Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy  of Sciences, 11 A Datun Road, Beijing, 100101, People's Republic of China studied the relationship between bioavailability of soil selenium in the Tibetan Plateau and the distribution of Kashin-beck disease.

Background

The authors sought to clarify the relationship between the soil selenium distribution and its bioavailability with the distribution of Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) endemic areas on the eastern edge of the Tibetan Plateau.

Methodology

Samples of natural soil (0-20 cm), cultivated topsoil, and main crops of the region (highland barley) were collected at different altitudes according to topographical and geomorphological features in both KBD and non-KBD areas of Songpan County. These samples were used for determination and analysis of total selenium content in soil and highland barley and available selenium that can be absorbed and utilized by plants.

Results

The results showed that the average total selenium content of natural and cultivated topsoil in KBD areas was lower than that in non-KBD areas (natural soil, P = 0.061; cultivated soil, P = 0.002), which is in agreement with the geographical distributions of selenium in other KBD-affected areas. However, the total soil selenium content exhibits certain micro-spatial distribution features, namely, the total selenium content in some endemic areas was significantly higher than that of non-KBD areas. This result was contrary to the general distribution that total selenium content in a KBD-affected area is lower than that in a non-KBD area. We further studied the extraction rate and content of soil selenium in six different fractions. The results indicated that the content and extraction rate of available selenium in KBD-affected areas were significantly lower than those in non-KBD areas. There is a distinct positive correlation between plant-available selenium and highland barley selenium (r = 0.875, P = 0.001) and a distinct negative correlation with altitude (r = -0.801, P = 0.010). Therefore, in KBD endemic areas, the selenium content in crops decreases as the available selenium content in soil decreases and is closely related to the geographical environment features (such as altitude and precipitation).

Conclusion

These results suggest that the soil available selenium and ecological features are important factors that restrict the dietary selenium flux for residents in KBD endemic areas of the Tibetan Plateau, providing a theoretical and experimental basis for implementing agricultural measures to regulate the ecological cycle of the selenium flux in the KBD endemic area.

References

Wang J(1), Li H, Li Y, Yu J, Yang L, Feng F, Chen Z. Speciation, distribution, and bioavailability of soil selenium in the Tibetan Plateau Kashin-beck disease area-a case study in Songpan County, Sichuan Province, China. Biol Trace Elem Res. 156(1-3):367-75. Dec 2013. doi: 10.1007/s12011-013-9822-5. Epub Sep 27 2013.

Munro Hall Clinic 2018

IJCA 2018 New Skyscraper

Scientific and Medical Network 2

The Big Heart Bike Ride Costa Rica 2018

Snowdonia Charity Challenge 2018

top of the page