Listed in Issue 212


NGUELEFACK and COLLEAGUES, Institution Laboratory of Animal Physiology and Phytopharmacology, Faculty of Science, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon identified and characterized five flavonoid glycosides from Rubus rigidus var. camerunensis (Rosaceae) used to treat respiratory and cardiovascular disorders.


The aerial part of Rubus rigidus var. camerunensis (Rosaceae) is used to treat respiratory and cardiovascular disorders in the Cameroonian traditional medicine. The ethanol extract exhibited more potent antioxidant activity (E(max)s of 119% and 229% activity on DPPH and beta-carotene test) than aqueous extract.


Bioactivity-guided fractionation of the ethanol extract based on free radical-scavenging assay (DPPH assay) afforded five flavonoid glycosides (four flavonol glycosides and an anthocyanin) and three glucosides of 19alpha-hydroxyursane-type triterpenoid (two monomeric and one dimeric triterpenoids). The flavonoids were identified as kaempferol 3-O-(2-O-E-p-coumaroyl)-beta-D-glucopyranoside (1), kaempferol-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (astragalin, 2), kaempferol-3-O-alpha-L-arabinofuranoside (juglanin, 3), quercetin-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (isoquercitrin, 4), pelargonidin-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (callistephin, 5). The three triterpenoids were 2alpha, 3beta, 19alpha, 23-tetrahydroxyurs-12-ene-28-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl ester (nigaichigoside F(1), 6), 2alpha, 3beta, 19alpha-trihydroxyurs-12-ene-23-carboxyl-28-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl ester (suavissimoside R(1), 7) as monomeric triterpenoids and coreanoside F(1) (8) as a dimeric triterpenoid.


The flavonoids exhibited potent antioxidant activities (66 to 93.56% against DPPH radical) and they were also active on beta-carotene test. Coreanoside F(1) exhibited a 63% antioxidant activity, meanwhile the other two triterpenoids showed a weak activity. Three important facts on structure-activity relationship were observed: Compound 8, a dimeric triterpenoid glycoside, strongly enhanced antioxidant activity of its monomers, compound 3 with 3-O-alpha-L-arabinofuranyl has much more potent activity than compound 2 with 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl, and antocyanin (5) is more potent than its corresponding flavonol glycosides.



Nguelefack TB, Mbakam FH, Tapondjou LA, Watcho P, Nguelefack-Mbuyo EP, Ponou BK, Kamanyi A and Park HJ. A dimeric triterpenoid glycoside and flavonoid glycosides with free radical-scavenging activity isolated from Rubus rigidus var. camerunensis. Archives of Pharmacal Research. 34(4): 543-50. Apr 2011.

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