Research: MOUSAVI and COLLEAGUES,

Listed in Issue 248

Abstract

MOUSAVI and COLLEAGUES, 1 Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran; Students' Scientific Research Center (SSRC), Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran; 2 Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran; Students' Scientific Research Center (SSRC), Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran; 3. Student Research Committee, Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 4 Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran. amkhv@yahoo.com conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis regarding the effects of Nigella sativa (NS) upon obesity indices.

Background

No meta-analysis is available on the effect of Nigella sativa (NS) on obesity indices. This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to systematically review the available Randomized Clinical Trials (RCTs) that examined the effects of NS on Body Weight (BW), Body Mass index (BMI), and Waist Circumference (WC) in adults.

Methodology

Relevant articles published up to January 2018 were searched through PubMed/Medline, SCOPUS, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar databases, using relevant keywords. All RCTs that examined the effect of NS supplementation on BW, BMI, or WC were included.

Results

Overall, thirteen RCTs, including 875 subjects (64% males) were included in this study. Combining effect sizes from ten studies, NS supplementation significantly reduced BW (Weighted Mean Differences (WMD): -1.76 kg, 95% CI: -3.34 to -0.17, I2 = 87.4%), as compared to placebo. Subgroup analysis by the intervention type (I2 = 0.0%), participants' gender (I2 = 0.0%), and age (I2 = 5.5%) removed between-study heterogeneity. A significant reduction was seen in BMI (WMD: -0.85 kg/m2, 95% CI: -1.23, -0.46, I2 = 70.6%) after NS supplementation than placebo among eleven trials. Subgroup analysis based on study duration (I2 = 0.0%), participants' gender (females: I2 = 0.0% & both genders: I2 = 20.9%), an age (I2 = 35.9%) disappeared the heterogeneity. However, no significant reduction was found in WC comparing NS supplementation to placebo (WMD: -4.04 cm, 95% CI: 11.37, 3.27, I2 = 97.8%) in five studies.

Conclusion

The authors found a significant effect of NS supplementation on BW and BMI in adults. However, the effect of NS supplementation on WC was not significant in this meta-analysis.

References

Mousavi SM1, Sheikhi A1, Varkaneh HK1, Zarezadeh M2, Rahmani J3, Milajerdi A4. Effect of Nigella sativa supplementation on obesity indices: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Complement Ther Med.38:48-57. Jun 2018 DOI: 10.1016/j.ctim.2018.04.003. Epub Apr 11 2018.

IJCA 2018 New Skyscraper

Scientific and Medical Network 2

Berlin to London Bike Ride

Walk on the Wide Side Trek Kenya 2020

Big Heart Bike Ride South Africa 2020

top of the page