Research: HARRIS and COLLEAGUES,

Listed in Issue 214

Abstract

HARRIS and COLLEAGUES,  Sanford School of Medicine, University of South Dakota, Sioux Falls, SD, United States bharris@hdlabinc.com determined the association between red blood cell (RBC) fatty acid levels measured at admission and 2-year mortality in myocardial infarction (MI) patients.

Background

Blood omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid levels have been associated with reduced risk for total mortality in patients with stable coronary heart disease (CHD), but their relationships with mortality in the setting of myocardial infarction (MI) are unknown.

Methodology

To determine the association between red blood cell (RBC) fatty acid levels measured at admission and 2-year mortality in MI patients, independent of the GRACE risk score, a traditional mode of risk stratification. DESIGN: Admission RBC fatty acid levels were measured in patients enrolled in a prospective, 24-center MI registry (TRIUMPH). Two-year mortality was modeled with Cox proportional hazards regression to assess the extent to which the inclusion of fatty acid levels would improve, over and above the GRACE score, risk stratification for 2-year mortality.

Results

RBC fatty acid data were available from 1144 patients who did not report taking fish oil supplements after discharge. Two RBC fatty acids [eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosapentaenoic n-6 (DPA)] were univariate predictors of total mortality. The combined fatty acid c-statistic (0.60, p<0.001) improved the c-statistic of the GRACE score alone from 0.747 (p<0.001) to 0.768 (p<0.05 vs. GRACE alone). The net reclassification index improved by 31% (95% CI, 15% to 48%) and the relative incremental discrimination index improved by 19.8% (7.5% to 35.7%).

Conclusion

RBC EPA and DPA n-6 levels improved the prediction of 2-yr mortality over and above the GRACE score in MI patients.

References

Harris WS, Kennedy KF, O'Keefe JH Jr and Spertus JA. Red blood cell fatty acid levels improve GRACE score prediction of 2-yr mortality in patients with myocardial infarction. International Journal of Cardiology.  168(1):53-9, Sep 20 2013.Other ID: NLM. IHMS409334 [Available on 09/20/14]; NLM. PMC3574624 [Available on 09/20/14].

Comment

The above research strengthens the use of essential fatty acids supplements – EPA and DPA – for heart attack patients; indeed for healthy adults.

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