Research: GRELA and COLLEAGUES,

Listed in Issue 268

Abstract

GRELA and COLLEAGUES, 1. Institute of Animal Nutrition and Bromatology, University of Life Sciences, Akademicka 13, 20-934, Lublin, Poland; 2. Institute of Animal Nutrition and Bromatology, University of Life Sciences, Akademicka 13, 20-934, Lublin, Poland. wioletta.samolinska@up.lublin.pl ; 3. Department of Biological Bases of Food and Feed Technologies, University of Life Science, Głęboka 28, 20-612, Lublin, Poland set out to determine the mineral composition and fatty acid profile in the seeds of selected Fabaceae species and cultivars and to assess their correlations with phytochemicals and antioxidant activity.

Background

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to determine the mineral composition and fatty acid profile in the seeds of selected Fabaceae species and cultivars and to assess their correlations with phytochemicals and antioxidant activity.

Methodology

The Andean lupine was characterised by a particularly high level of Mg and K as well as Cu, Zn, and Fe (P < 0.05).

Results

There were various correlations (P < 0.05) between the total phenols and tannins and these elements. The highest contribution of α-linolenic acid (ALA, 18:3, n-3) in total fatty acids was noted in the lentil (13.8 in 100 g-1 fat), common bean (11.9 in 100 g-1 fat), and pea seeds (10.4 in 100 g-1 fat) (P = 0.028). In turn, the white lupine contained the highest content of ALA-0.67 g 100 g-1 seeds; its lowest level was determined in the broad bean-0.03 g 100 g-1 seeds. The seeds exhibited a high proportion of hypocholesterolemic fatty acids (on average 86%). The 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl antiradical activity was positively correlated with UFA and PUFA (P < 0.05).

Conclusion

This indicates great protective potential of legume seeds for prevention and treatment of diet-dependent diseases.

References

Grela ER1, Samolińska W2, Kiczorowska B1, Klebaniuk R1, Kiczorowski P3. Content of Minerals and Fatty Acids and Their Correlation with Phytochemical Compounds and Antioxidant Activity of Leguminous Seeds. Biol Trace Elem Res. 180(2):338-348. Dec 2017. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12011-017-1005-3 . Epub Mar 29 2017. 

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