Research: CICCONE and COLLEAGUES,

Listed in Issue 224

Abstract

CICCONE and COLLEAGUES,  (1)Cardiovascular Diseases Section, Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation (DETO), University of Bari, Piazza G. Cesare 11, 70124 Bari, Italy (2)Intensive Cardiology Care Unit, San Camillo de Lellis Hospital, Via Isonzo 1, 71043 Manfredonia, Italy reviewed the literature regarding the role of carotenoid supplementation on cardiovascular risk profile.

Background

Cardiovascular disease related to atherosclerosis represents nowadays the largest cause of morbidity and mortality in developed countries. Due to inflammatory nature of atherosclerosis, several studies had been conducted in order to search for substances with anti-inflammatory activity on arterial walls, able to exert beneficial roles on health.

Methodology

Researches investigated the role of dietary carotenoids supplementation on cardiovascular disease, due to their free radicals scavenger properties and their skills in improving low-density lipoprotein cholesterol resistance to oxidation.

Results

Literature data are conflicting: although some studies found a positive relationship between carotenoids supplementation and cardiovascular risk reduction, others did not find any positive effects or even pro-oxidant actions.

Conclusion

This paper aimed at defining the role of carotenoids supplementation on cardiovascular risk profile by reviewing literature data, paying attention to those carotenoids more present in our diet (β-carotene, α-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, lutein, zeaxanthin, and astaxanthin).

References

Ciccone MM(1), Cortese F(1), Gesualdo M(1), Carbonara S(1), Zito A(1), Ricci G(1), De Pascalis F(1), Scicchitano P(1) and Riccioni G(2). Dietary intake of carotenoids and their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects in cardiovascular care. Mediators Inflamm. 2013;2013:782137. doi: 10.1155/2013/782137. Epub Dec 31 2013.

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