Research: CHRISTIANSON and SHEN,

Listed in Issue 242

Abstract

CHRISTIANSON and SHEN, (1)*Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology; †Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Division of Benign Gynecologic Specialties, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland evaluated evidence regarding the use of dietary and exercise interventions to prevent fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis.

Background

The purpose of this review is to evaluate current evidence regarding the use of dietary and exercise interventions to prevent fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis.

Methodology

The key lifestyle modifications that can decrease risk of fracture in postmenopausal women include regular weight-bearing exercise and a balanced diet with adequate calcium and vitamin D intake.

Results

Other modifiable lifestyle factors critical to bone health and to decrease fracture risk include the avoidance of smoking, an excessively low body weight, excessive alcohol intake, and fall risks at home. Emerging modifiable factors may include B-vitamin, omega-3 fatty acid, soy isoflavone, and dehydroepiandrosterone supplementation.

Conclusion

References

Christianson MS(1), Shen W. Osteoporosis prevention and management: nonpharmacologic and lifestyle options.  Clin Obstet Gynecol. 56(4):703-10. doi: 10.1097/GRF.0b013e3182a9d15a.  Dec 2013.

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