Research: WANG and COLLEAGUES

Listed in Issue 244

Abstract

WANG and COLLEAGUES investigated via a diabetes self-management intervention trial with Latinos of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and its association with metabolic risk factors of diabetes and its related complications in Latinos in the USA.

Background

In the United States, Latinos experience disproportionately higher rates of type 2 diabetes and diabetes-related complications than non-Latino whites.

Methodology

Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption is strongly associated with increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Reducing caloric intake, particularly from energy-dense, low-nutrient foods or beverages, can be an effective and key strategy for metabolic and weight control. However, little is known about the contribution of various types of beverages, including but not limited to SSBs, to total caloric intake among Latinos with type 2 diabetes. Low-income Latinos (87.7% Puerto Rican) participating in a diabetes self-management intervention trial (N=238) provided cross-sectional, descriptive data on beverage-consumption patterns, anthropometric outcomes, and metabolic characteristics.

Results

Beverages accounted for one fifth of the total daily caloric intake. SSBs and milk beverages, respectively, contributed 9.6% of calories to overall daily caloric intake.

Conclusion

Interventions directed at diabetes risk factors among low-income Latinos with diabetes can benefit from consideration of beverage-consumption behaviours as an important strategy to reduce caloric and sugar intake.

References

Wang ML, Lemon SC, Olendzki B, Rosal MC. Beverage-consumption patterns and associations with metabolic risk factors among low-income Latinos with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes. J Acad Nutr Diet. 113(12):1695-703. Dec 2013. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2013.06.351. Epub Aug 30 2013.

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