Research: VILJANEN and colleagues,

Listed in Issue 96

Abstract

VILJANEN and colleagues, Tampere Regional Institute of Occupational Health, PO Box 486, FIN-33101 Tampere, Finland, matti.viljanen@ttl.fi, have conducted a randomized controlled trial on the effectiveness of dynamic muscle training, relaxation training, or ordinary activity for chronic neck pain.

Background

The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of dynamic muscle training and relaxation training for chronic neck pain.

Methodology

393 women with chronic neck pain were randomized to either five weeks of dynamic muscle training (135 women), relaxation training (128 women), or ordinary activity (130 women). Changes in the intensity of neck pain at three, six, and 12 months were measured.

Results

No significant difference was found in pain intensity between the groups. The range of movement for cervical rotation and lateral flexion was increased more in the experimental groups than in the control group.

Conclusion

Dynamic muscle training and relaxation training do not lead to better outcomes in chronic neck pain.

References

Viljanen M, Malmivaara A, Uitti J, Rinne M, Palmroos P, Laippala P. Effectiveness of dynamic muscle training, relaxation training, or ordinary activity for chronic neck pain: randomised controlled trial. British Medical Journal 327 (7413): 475, Aug 30, 2003.

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