Research: SILVA and COLLEAGUES,

Listed in Issue 256

Abstract

SILVA and COLLEAGUES, 1. Postgraduate Program in Child and Adolescent Health, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brazil; 2. Postgraduate Program in Nutrition, UFPE, Recife, PE, Brazil; 3. Rheumatology Service, Hospital das Clínicas, Recife, PE, Brazil;

4. Clinical Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, UFPE, Recife, PE, Brazil investigated the dietary intake of antioxidants in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

Background

The authors set out to study the dietary intake of antioxidants of patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis.

Methodology

The authors conducted a cross-sectional case series study with 53 women accompanied at the Rheumatology Outpatient Clinic, Hospital das Clínicas/UFPE, from January to October 2012. Demographic and anthropometric parameters (weight, height, body mass index, weight change) were collected by means of a form. The assessment of food consumption was conducted using a semi-quantitative food frequency survey, analyzed according to a food composition table. Database construction and statistical analysis were performed using Excel and SPSS version 18.0, using chi-squared test, Anova, and Student's t-test, at a confidence level of 5%.

Results

The sample was composed of 53 women with a mean age of 54.51 ± 4.24 years and BMI of 25.97 ± 5.94 kg/m². In the sociodemographic variables, statistically significant differences in origin, occupation, and income were observed. Daily consumption showed significance for vitamins A, C, and zinc. In adults, vitamins A and C were in accordance with recommendations, while in the elderly a low intake of vitamin E and selenium was observed. The relation between vitamin E and origin was significant.

Conclusion

The sample was composed of 53 women with a mean age of 54.51 ± 4.24 years and BMI of 25.97 ± 5.94 kg/m². In the sociodemographic variables, statistically significant differences in origin, occupation, and income were observed. Daily consumption showed significance for vitamins A, C, and zinc. In adults, vitamins A and C were in accordance with recommendations, while in the elderly a low intake of vitamin E and selenium was observed. The relation between vitamin E and origin was significant.

References

Silva BN1, Araújo ÍL1, Queiroz PM2, Duarte AL3, Burgos MG4. Intake of antioxidants in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Rev Assoc Med Bras. 60(6):555-9. doi: 10.1590/1806-9282.60.06.014. (1992). Nov-Dec 2014.

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