Research: ROBERTSON and colleagues,

Listed in Issue 39


ROBERTSON and colleagues, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, Medical Center USA investigated whether water baths during labour are associated with development of chorioamnionitis or endometritis.



: 110 women with chorioamnionitis or endometritis and 97 controls were identified from the University of California at San Francisco perinatal database. The authors reviewed the medical records and interviewed patients regarding membrane rupture, history of bathing during labour and relaxation and pain relief for patients who experienced water bathing during labour.


There was no statistically significant association between water baths during labour and occurrence of chorioamnionitis or endometritis (odds ratio (OR) = 0.93).


Water baths during labour are not associated with chorioamnionitis or endometritis.


Robertson PA et al. Is there an association between water baths during labor and the development of chorioamnionitis or endometritis? Am J Obstet Gynecol 178(6): 1215-21 June 1998.

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