Research: OSWALT and COLLEAGUES,

Listed in Issue 177

Abstract

OSWALT and COLLEAGUES,  University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA designed a study to examine the effects of an infant massage intervention on adolescent mothers' attitudes and perceptions of their infants.

Background

The difficulties that adolescent mothers encounter as a result of the combined stress of adolescence, parenthood, maintaining peer relationships, and establishing positive relationships with their infants have been identified in the literature, and these characteristics are often associated with poor infant outcomes.

Methodology

This study was designed to examine the effects of an infant massage intervention on adolescent mothers' attitudes and perceptions of their infants. Twenty-five African-American adolescent mothers (mean age 16.13 years), who were enrolled in a parent training program for high school students in a southern state, participated in the project. The mothers were assigned randomly to an intervention (9) or control group (16). After a brief training session, participants in the intervention group practiced massage with their infants for approximately 2 months. Data analysis was based on the 15 participants who completed both baseline and 2-month follow-up measures (8 in the control group and 7 in the intervention group).

Results

This study found some support for teaching infant massage to adolescent mothers as a way of enhancing maternal-infant physical contact and lowering depression, as well as positively influencing mothers' perceptions of infant temperament.

Conclusion

Results indicate that infant massage training may lead to improvements beyond those achieved with a typical parent education curriculum and shows potential as a low-cost supplement to current teen mother education in high schools.

References

Oswalt KL, Biasini FJ, Wilson LL and Mrug S. Outcomes of a massage intervention on teen mothers: a pilot study. Pediatric Nursing. 35(5): 284-9, 317. Sep-Oct 2009.

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