Research: MARZOUK and COLLEAGUES,

Listed in Issue 212

Abstract

MARZOUK and COLLEAGUES, Laboratoire des Maladies Transmissibles et Substances Biologiquement Actives, Faculth de Pharmacie, Monastir, Rue Avicenne 5000 Monastir, Tunisie. belsemmarzouk@yahoo.fr assessed the in vivo analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of Tunisian Citrullus colocynthis immature fruit and seed organic extracts.

Background

Inflammations and immune-related diseases including rheumatoid arthritis are widespread in the entire globe. The treatment of these illnesses is mainly based on the use of synthetic and biotechnological drugs, in recent years. Tunisian traditional medicine is a potential source of new remedies namely Citrullus colocynthis Schrad. (Cucurbitaceae) - endemic in southern Tunisia and used in folk medicine to treat many inflammation disorders. The authors’ goal was to assess the in vivo analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of Tunisian Citrullus colocynthis immature fruit and seed organic extracts (petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate, acetone and finely methanol extract).

Methodology

Yields of prepared organic extracts were gravimetrically determined. For the analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities, we have used respectively, the acetic acid writhing test in mice and the carrageenan-induced paw oedema assay in rats.

Results

All extracts displayed an important analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities at different doses without inducing any side effects. This study has demonstrated the analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of Citrullus colocynthis immature fruit and seed extracts. Experiment results provide scientific insight into the ancient practice of utilizing Citrullus colocynthis Schrad. as analgesic and as anti-inflammatory agents.

Conclusion

References

Marzouk B, Marzouk Z, Fenina N, Bouraoui A and Aouni M. Anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of Tunisian Citrullus colocynthis Schrad. immature fruit and seed organic extracts. European Review for Medical & Pharmacological Sciences. 15(6): 665-72, Jun 2011.

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