Research: LIN and COLLEAGUES,

Listed in Issue 230

Abstract

LIN and COLLEAGUES,  (1)Menzies Research Institute Tasmania, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia searched for rare MS variants utilizing identity-by-descent (IBD) mapping in a large genome-wide association studies (GWAS) dataset.

Background

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified around 60 common variants associated with multiple sclerosis (MS), but these loci only explain a fraction of the heritability of MS. Some missing heritability may be caused by rare variants that have been suggested to play an important role in the aetiology of complex diseases such as MS. However current genetic and statistical methods for detecting rare variants are expensive and time consuming. 'Population-based linkage analysis' (PBLA) or so called identity-by-descent (IBD) mapping is a novel way to detect rare variants in extant GWAS datasets.

Methodology

The authors employed BEAGLE fastIBD to search for rare MS variants utilizing IBD mapping in a large GWAS dataset of 3,543 cases and 5,898 controls.

Results

The researchers identified a genome-wide significant linkage signal on chromosome 19 (LOD = 4.65; p = 1.9×10(-6)). Network analysis of cases and controls sharing haplotypes on chromosome 19 further strengthened the association as there are more large networks of cases sharing haplotypes than controls. This linkage region includes a cluster of zinc finger genes of unknown function. Analysis of genome wide transcriptome data suggests that genes in this zinc finger cluster may be involved in very early developmental regulation of the CNS.

Conclusion

Our study also indicates that BEAGLE fastIBD allowed identification of rare variants in large unrelated population with moderate computational intensity. Even with the development of whole-genome sequencing, IBD mapping still may be a promising way to narrow down the region of interest for sequencing priority.

References

Lin R(1), Charlesworth J, Stankovich J, Perreau VM, Brown MA; ANZgene Consortium, Taylor BV. Collaborators: Baxter A, Kermode A, Bahlo M, Carroll W, Butzkueven H, Booth D, Stewart G, Wiley J, Field J, Tajouri L, Griffiths L, Barnett M, Moscato P, Heard R, Scott R, McColl S, Foote S, Broadley S, Slee M, Vucic S, Kilpatrick T. Identity-by-descent mapping to detect rare variants conferring susceptibility to  multiple sclerosis.  PLoS One: 8(3):e56379. 2013 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0056379. Epub Mar 5 2013.

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