Research: JAHDI and COLLEAGUES,

Listed in Issue 264

Abstract

JAHDI and COLLEAGUES, 1. Faculty School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Nursing Research Institute, Iran University of Medical Science, Iran; 2. MSc of Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Iran. f.sheikhan@yahoo.com ; 3. Department of Statistics, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 4. MSc of Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Iran; 5. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Comprehensive Woman Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 6. Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Science, Iran; 7. Director of Graduate Programs Decker School of Nursing, Binghamton, USA conducted a randomized control trial to study the effects of an antenatal yoga program on perceived maternal labour pain and delivery outcomes.

Background

The authors sought to investigate the effects of an antenatal yoga program on perceived maternal labour pain and delivery outcomes.

Methodology

This randomized control trial was conducted with sixty primiparous women, aged 18-35 years old, who were randomly assigned to either an antenatal yoga program or control groups. Labour pain and discomfort level of the participants were measured using a Visual Analogue Scale at cervical dilatation of 3-4 c and at 2 and 4 h after the initial measurement. Demographic and obstetrical information were collected. The antenatal yoga program consisted of a 1-h supervised yoga class, three times a weekly, starting at 26 weeks gestation. .

Results

Participants in control group reported higher pain intensity compared to experimental group at 3-4 cm of dilatation (p = 0.01) and at 2 h after the first and the second measurements (p = 0.000). Mothers in the antenatal intervention group that completed the yoga class required a decreased frequency of labour induction in comparison with control group (p = 0.008). In addition, mode of delivery of the intervention group resulted in a lower percentage of caesarean section than control group (p = 0.002). Lastly, the intervention group experienced a shorter duration of the second and third stages of labour. Interval level data was analyzed by using an independent t-test and chi-square.

Conclusion

Yoga during pregnancy may contribute to a reduction pain of labour and improved adequacy of childbirth.

References

Jahdi F1, Sheikhan F2, Haghani H3, Sharifi B4, Ghaseminejad A5, Khodarahmian M6, Rouhana N7. Yoga during pregnancy: The effects on labor pain and delivery outcomes (A randomized controlled trial). Complement Ther Clin Pract. 27:1-4. doi: May 2017. 10.1016/j.ctcp.2016.12.002. Epub Dec 23 2016. Comment in: Yoga in the Third Trimester May Reduce Labor Pain, Duration of Labor, and Risk of Cesarean Section. [Explore (NY). 2018]

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