Research: HERNANDEZ and KOLB

Listed in Issue 32


HERNANDEZ and KOLB, Northside Habilitation Program, Nellie M. Reddix Center, San Antonio, Texas USA evaluated the effects of self-applied breathing and guided imagery relaxation techniques, separately and in combination, and a reinforcement tool on primary caregivers (PCGs), coping with anxiety while caring for a chronically ill child.



20 PCGs aged between 25-57 years, who were caring for chronically ill children were randomly assigned to either an experimental or control group. State anxiety was measured using the State Anxiety Scale of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Form Y).


There were no statistically significant changes in state anxiety between the groups. However, behavioural evaluations demonstrated that PCGs utilised both the self-applied relaxation techniques and the reinforcement tool more than twice daily.


Relaxation techniques are useful for people caring for chronically ill children.


Hernandez NE and Kolb S. Effects of relaxation on anxiety in primary caregivers of chronically ill children. Pediatr Nurs 24(1): 51-6. Jan-Feb 1998 .

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