Research: BUTT and SULTAN,

Listed in Issue 213

Abstract

BUTT and SULTAN, National Institute of Food Science and Technology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan review the health claims of ginger and the molecular aspects and targets, with special reference to anticancer perspectives, immunonutrition, antioxidant potential, and cardiovascular cure.

Background

Recent research has rejuvenated centuries-old traditional herbs to cure various ailments by using modern tools like diet-based therapy and other regimens. Ginger is one of the classic examples of an herb used for not only culinary preparations but also for unique therapeutic significance owing to its antioxidant, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory potential. The pungent fractions of ginger, namely gingerols, shogaols, paradols, and volatile constituents like sesquiterpenes and monoterpenes, are mainly attributed to the health-enhancing perspectives of ginger.

Methodology

This review elucidates the health claims of ginger and the molecular aspects and targets, with special reference to anticancer perspectives, immunonutrition, antioxidant potential, and cardiovascular cure.

Results

The molecular targets involved in chemoprevention like the inhibition of NF-kappaB activation via impairing nuclear translocation, suppresses cIAP1 expression, increases caspase-3/7 activation, arrests cell cycle in G2 + M phases, up-regulates Cytochrome-c, Apaf-1, activates PI3K/Akt/I kappaB kinases IKK, suppresses cell proliferation, and inducts apoptosis and chromatin condensation. Similarly, facts are presented regarding the anti-inflammatory response of ginger components and molecular targets including inhibition of prostaglandin and leukotriene biosynthesis and suppression of 5-lipoxygenase. Furthermore, inhibition of phosphorylation of three mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2), and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) are also discussed.

Conclusion

The role of ginger in reducing the extent of cardiovascular disorders, diabetes mellitus, and digestive problems has also been described in detail. Although, current review articles summarized the literature pertaining to ginger and its components. However, authors are still of the view that further research should be immediately carried out for meticulousness.

References

Butt MS and Sultan MT. Ginger and its health claims: molecular aspects. [Review]  Critical Reviews in Food Science & Nutrition. 51(5):383-93. May 2011.

Comment

Comment: Readers interested in the many aspects of ginger’s significant clinical properties may also wish to refer to the article in Issue 213 Turmeric: Potent Antioxidant, Anti-Inflammatory, Anti-Microbial and Anti-Cancer Spice by Dorota Zabicka MSc www.positivehealth.com/article/antioxidants/turmeric-potent-antioxidant-anti-inflammatory-anti-microbial-and-anticancer-spice

IJCA 2018 New Skyscraper

Scientific and Medical Network 2

The Big Heart Bike Ride Costa Rica 2018

Snowdonia Charity Challenge 2018

top of the page