Research: BRAGARD and COLLEAGUES,

Listed in Issue 264

Abstract

BRAGARD and COLLEAGUES, 1. a University of Liege , Liege , Wallonia , Belgium; 2. b University of Quebec at Montreal , Montreal , Quebec , Canada conducted a nonrandomized comparison study of Self-Hypnosis, Yoga, and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy to reduce emotional distress in breast cancer patients.

Background

The authors asked breast cancer (BC) patients to participate in 1 of 3 mind-body interventions (cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT), yoga, or self-hypnosis) to explore their feasibility, ease of compliance, and impact on the participants' distress, quality of life (QoL), sleep, and mental adjustment.

Methodology

Ninety-nine patients completed an intervention (CBT: n = 10; yoga: n = 21; and self-hypnosis: n = 68). Results showed high feasibility and high compliance.

Results

After the interventions, there was no significant effect in the CBT group but significant positive effects on distress in the yoga and self-hypnosis groups, and, also, on QoL, sleep, and mental adjustment in the self-hypnosis group.

Conclusion

In conclusion, mind-body interventions can decrease distress in BC patients, but RCTs are needed to confirm these findings.

References

Bragard I1, Etienne AM1, Faymonville ME1, Coucke P1, Lifrange E1, Schroeder H1, Wagener A1, Dupuis G2, Jerusalem G1. A Nonrandomized Comparison Study of Self-Hypnosis, Yoga, and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy to Reduce Emotional Distress in Breast Cancer Patients. Int J Clin Exp Hypn.;65(2):189-209. doi: 10.1080/00207144.2017.1276363. Apr-Jun 2017.

Comment

the above research demonstrated a significant positive effect upon distress from yoga and self-hypnosis interventions and upon Quality of Life, sleep and mental adjustments from self-hypnosis in breast cancer patients.

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