Research: BLACK and COLLEAGUES,

Listed in Issue 266

Abstract

BLACK and COLLEAGUES, 1. Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California; 2. Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California; 3. Mrs. T. H. Chan Division of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California; 4. Samuel Oschin Comprehensive Cancer Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California set out to quantify the influence of mindfulness meditation when delivered during a session of chemotherapy upon the acute salivary cortisol response as a marker of neuroendocrine system activity in cancer patients.

Background

The objective of this randomized clinical experiment was to test the influence of a mindfulness meditation practice, when delivered during 1 session of active chemotherapy administration, on the acute salivary cortisol response as a marker of neuroendocrine system activity in cancer patients.

Methodology

A mindfulness, attention-control, or resting exposure was assigned to 57 English- or Spanish-speaking colorectal cancer patients at 1 county oncology clinic and 1 university oncology clinic at the start of chemotherapy. Saliva samples were collected at the start of chemotherapy and at subsequent 20-minute intervals during the first 60 minutes of chemotherapy (4 samples in all). Self-reporting on biobehavioral assessments after chemotherapy included distress, fatigue, and mindfulness.

Results

An area-under-the-curve analysis (AUC) showed a relative increase in cortisol reactivity in the mindfulness group after adjustments for biological and clinical measures (β = 123.21; P = .03). More than twice as many patients in the mindfulness group versus the controls displayed a cortisol rise from the baseline to 20 minutes (69% vs 34%; P = .02). AUC values were uncorrelated with biobehavioral measure scores, although mindfulness scores were inversely correlated with fatigue (r = -0.46; P < .01) and distress scores (r = -0.54; P < .01).

Conclusion

Findings suggest that mindfulness practice during chemotherapy can reduce the blunting of neuroendocrine profiles typically observed in cancer patients. Implications include support for the use of mindfulness practice in integrative oncology. Cancer 2017;123:3088-96. © 2017 American Cancer Society. © 2017 American Cancer Society.

References

PMCID: PMC5544546 [Available on 2018-08-15]

Black DS1,2, Peng C1, Sleight AG3, Nguyen N1, Lenz HJ2, Figueiredo JC1,4. Mindfulness practice reduces cortisol blunting during chemotherapy: A randomized controlled study of colorectal cancer patients. Cancer. 123(16):3088-3096. Aug 15 2017. doi: 10.1002/cncr.30698. Epub Apr 7 2017.

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