Research: BISSONNETTE and COLLEAGUES,

Listed in Issue 266

Abstract

BISSONNETTE and COLLEAGUES, 1. Innovaderm Research Inc, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. rbissonnette@innovaderm.ca ; 2. Centre de Recherche Dermatologique du Quebec Metropolitain, Qu├ębec City, Quebec, Canada; 3. Dermira Inc, Menlo Park, California; 4. Windsor Clinical Research Inc, Windsor, Ontario, Canada evaluated the safety and efficacy of Olumacostat glasaretil (OG) 7.5% gel in patients with moderate to severe facial acne vulgaris.

Background

Olumacostat glasaretil (OG) inhibits acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase, the enzyme responsible for the first, rate-limiting step in de novo fatty acid synthesis. OG inhibited in vitro human sebocyte lipid production and reduced in vivo sebaceous gland size in hamster ears.

Methodology

Patients were randomized (1:1) to twice-daily application of OG or vehicle for 12 weeks. Efficacy was measured through changes in lesion counts and improvement in acne severity scores.

Results

A total of 108 patients received OG (n = 53) or vehicle (n = 55); these groups had mean baseline counts of 29.7 and 28.6 inflammatory and 40.9 and 38.8 noninflammatory lesions, respectively. At week 12, OG treatment showed greater reductions from baseline in inflammatory lesions (-63.9% vs -45.9%; P = .0006) and noninflammatory lesions (-48.1% vs -28.8%; P = .0025), and more patients with greater than or equal to 2-grade improvement in investigator global assessment score (24.5% vs 7.3%; P = .0070) than vehicle. Application-site adverse events (typically mild or moderate intensity) were more common with OG. Limitations: Larger trials are needed to optimize OG dosing and confirm the current results.

Conclusion

OG was well tolerated and showed evidence of efficacy, suggesting further development is warranted.

References

Bissonnette R1, Poulin Y2, Drew J3, Hofland H3, Tan J4. Olumacostat glasaretil, a novel topical sebum inhibitor, in the treatment of acne vulgaris: A phase IIa, multicenter, randomized, vehicle-controlled study. J Am Acad Dermatol. 76(1):33-39. Jan 2017. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2016.08.053. Epub Oct 28 2016.

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