Research: TELLES and COLLEAGUES

Listed in Issue 258

Abstract

TELLES and COLLEAGUES, 1. Department of Yoga Research, Patanjali Research Foundation, Haridwar, India; 2. Department of Yoga Therapy, Yoga Biomedical Trust, London, United Kingdom conducted a randomized controlled trial to assess pain and structural spine changes in low back pain patients after yoga practice.

Background

The present study aimed at determining whether 12 weeks of yoga practice in patients with chronic LBP and MRI-based degenerative changes would result in differences in: (i) self-reported pain, anxiety, and spinal flexibility; and (ii) the structure of the discs or vertebrae.

Methodology

Sixty-two persons with MRI-proven degenerative intervertebral discs (group mean ±S.D., 36.2±6.4 years; 30 females) were randomly assigned to yoga and control groups. However, testing was conducted on only 40 subjects, so only their data are included in this study. The assessments were: self-reported pain, state anxiety, spinal flexibility, and MRI of the lumbosacral spine, performed using a 1.5 Tesla system with a spinal surface column. The yoga group was taught light exercises, physical postures, breathing techniques, and yoga relaxation techniques for 1 hour daily for 3 months. No intervention was given to the control group except for routine medical care. A repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) with post hoc analyses (which was Bonferroni-adjusted) was used. The Ethics Committee of Patanjali Research Foundation had approved the study which had been registered in the Clinical Trials Registry of India (CTRI/2012/11/003094).

Results

The yoga group showed a significant reduction in self-reported pain and state anxiety in a before/after comparison at 12 weeks. A few patients in both groups showed changes in the discs and vertebrae at post-intervention assessment.

Conclusion

Within 12 weeks, yoga practice reduced pain and state anxiety but did not alter MRI-proven changes in the intervertebral discs and in the vertebrae.

References

 

Telles S1, Bhardwaj AK1, Gupta RK1, Sharma SK1, Monro R2, Balkrishna A1. A Randomized Controlled Trial to Assess Pain and Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Based (MRI-Based) Structural Spine Changes in Low Back Pain Patients After Yoga Practice. Med Sci Monit. 22:3228-47. Sep 13 2016.

Telles S1, Bhardwaj AK1, Gupta RK1, Sharma SK1, Monro R2, Balkrishna A1. A Randomized Controlled Trial to Assess Pain and Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Based (MRI-Based) Structural Spine Changes in Low Back Pain Patients After Yoga Practice. Med Sci Monit. 22:3228-47. Sep 13 2016.

 

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