Research: SANTONASTASO and COLLEAGUES

Listed in Issue 278

Abstract

SANTONASTASO and COLLEAGUES, 1 Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry Unit, Department of Neurological and Psychiatric Science, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, 00165 Rome, Italy; 2 Department of Languages and Literatures, Communication, Education and Society, University of Udine, 33100 Udine, Italy; 3 Department of Life Science and Public Health, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, 00168 Rome, Italy.

Background

Mindfulness-oriented meditation (MOM) is a self-regulatory training used for attentional and behavioral problems. With its focus on attention, MOM is a promising form of training that is gaining empirical support as a complementary or alternative intervention for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Methodology

In this study, we tested the preliminary efficacy of MOM training in children with ADHD, by comparing its efficacy with an active control condition (Emotion Education Program, EEP). Twenty-five children with ADHD aged 7-11 years participated in MOM training (n = 15) or EEP (n = 10) 3 times per week for 8 weeks. Neuropsychological and academic measures and behavioral, emotional, and mindfulness ratings were collected before and after the two programs.

Results

On average, MOM training had positive effects on neuropsychological measures, as evidenced by a significant mean improvement in all outcome measures after training. Moreover, positive effects on ADHD symptoms were found only in the MOM group. CONCLUSIONS: Although they are preliminary, our results documented that mindfulness-oriented meditation (MOM) training promotes changes in neuropsychological measures and in certain behavioral symptoms, suggesting it as a promising tool for ameliorating cognitive and clinical manifestations of ADHD.

Conclusion

References

Ornella Santonastaso  1 , Vittoria Zaccari  1 , Cristiano Crescentini  2 , Franco Fabbro  2 , Viviana Capurso  2 , Stefano Vicari  1   3 , Deny Menghini  1. Clinical Application of Mindfulness-Oriented Meditation: A Preliminary Study in Children with ADHD. Int J Environ Res Public Health. ;17(18):6916. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17186916. https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/17/18/6916  Sep 22 2020.

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