Research: POUR and COLLEAGUES,

Listed in Issue 274


POUR and COLLEAGUES, 1. Department of Pediatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran; 2. Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran; 3. Non-Communicable Disease Research Center, Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran. ; 4. Institute for Future Studies in Health, Social Departments of Health Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran compared the effects of local anaesthesia and two-point acupuncture on venipuncture pain in hospitalized children.


The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of topical anaesthesia and acupressure at the Yintang (Extra 1) and the Laogong (P-8) points on the severity of venipuncture pain among hospitalized 6-12-year-old children.


A sample (n = 120) of 6-12-year-old hospitalized children was recruited from two teaching hospitals located in Rafsanjan, Iran. The children were allocated to the topical anaesthesia, acupressure, and control groups. For children in the topical anaesthesia and the acupressure groups, eutectic mixture of local anaesthetic (EMLA) cream and two-point acupressure were used, respectively, prior to performing venipuncture, whereas children in the control group only received routine prevenipuncture care. The severity of venipuncture pain was evaluated 5 minutes after performing venipuncture by using the Face, Leg, Activity, Cry, and Consolability behavioral pain assessment scale.


The findings revealed that pain severity in both experimental groups was significantly lower than that in the control group, whereas there was no significant difference between the experimental groups regarding pain severity.


Although acupressure was as effective as topical anaesthesia cream in alleviating children's venipuncture pain, nurses are recommending to use acupressure instead of pharmacological pain management agents because of its greater safety, cost-effectiveness, and applicability.


Pour PS1, Ameri GF2, Kazemi M3, Jahani Y4. Comparison of Effects of Local Anesthesia and Two-Point Acupressure on the Severity of Venipuncture Pain Among Hospitalized 6-12-Year-Old Children. J Acupunct Meridian Stud.;10(3):187-192. Jun 2017. doi: 10.1016/j.jams.2017.04.001. Epub Apr 24 2017.

ICAN 2024 Skyscraper

Scientific and Medical Network 2

Cycle Around the World for Charity 2023

Climb Mount Kilimanjaro Charity 2023

top of the page