Listed in Issue 275


OLMEDILLA-ZAFRA and COLLEAGUES, 1. Department of Personality, Assessment and Psychological Intervention, University of Murcia, Campus Universitario de Espinardo, 30100 Murcia, Spain.; 2. Department of Biological and Health Psychology, University Autonoma of Madrid, Campus Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain.: ; 3. Department of Physical Activity and Sport, University of Murcia, Campus de San Javier, 30720 San Javier, Spain.; 4. Department of Basic Psychology, University of Balearic Islands, Crta. Valldemossa, Km 7.5, 07122 Palma, Spain. conducted a pilot 3-month stress-management and muscle relaxation program aimed at reducing sport injury incidence.


Several attempts to reduce the incidence of sport injuries using psychosocial interventions produced fruitful, although inconclusive results.


This paper presents the effectiveness and implementation issues of a pilot 3-month stress-management and muscle relaxation program aimed at reducing sport injury incidence. Design: Pre-post treatment-non treatment group comparison. Program Administration: The program was administered by a trained psychologist on a once-a-week, 1-h session basis. Participants: Seventy-four male soccer players from four National Youth league teams voluntarily participated. Teams were randomly assigned to either treatment/non-treatment group. Measures: Injury protocol, Self-monitoring cards, Athletes' satisfaction and commitment survey, Coaches' interview.


Group main effect and Time-Group interaction effect were both statistically significant, F(1,60) = 8.30, p = 0.005, η2p = 0.121, with the average number of injuries larger in the post-treatment phase of non-treatment group (p = 0.005, η2p = 0.077). There was a significant decrease in the average number of injuries for the intervention group before and after implementing the program (p < 0.001, η2p = 0.309).


A controlled implementation of a psychosocial program was effective in reducing youth soccer sport injuries, with a high level of satisfaction and commitment from the athletes, as well as high acceptance from the coaches. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Olmedilla-Zafra A1, Rubio VJ2, Ortega E3, García-Mas A4. Effectiveness of a stress management pilot program aimed at reducing the incidence of sports injuries in young football (soccer) players. Phys Ther Sport. 24:53-59. Mar 2017. doi: 10.1016/j.ptsp.2016.09.003. Epub Sep 6 2016.


The above study suggested that a stress-management and muscle relaxation program may be helpful in reducing sports injuries in young football players.

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