Research: LIU and COLLEAGUES,

Listed in Issue 276

Abstract

LIU and COLLEAGUES, 1 Department of Health Care Center, Hainan Hospital of Hainan Medical College (Hainan General Hospital), Haikou, China. hmliukai@163.com  2 Department of Clinical Laboratory, Hainan Hospital of Hainan Medical College (Hainan General Hospital), Haikou, China; 3 Department of Health Care Center, Hainan Hospital of Hainan Medical College (Hainan General Hospital), Haikou, China; 4 Department of General Practice, Hainan Hospital of Hainan Medical College (Hainan General Hospital), Haikou, China conducted a randomized controlled clinical trial to investigate the effect of progressive muscle relaxation on anxiety and sleep quality of COVID-19.

Background

Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019(COVID-19) will experience high levels of anxiety and low sleep quality due to isolation treatment. Some sleep-improving drugs may inhibit the respiratory system and worsen the condition. Prolonged bedside instruction may increase the risk of medical infections. Objective: To investigate the effect of progressive muscle relaxation on anxiety and sleep quality of COVID-19.

Methodology

In this randomized controlled clinical trial, a total of 51 patients who entered the isolation ward were included in the study and randomly divided into experimental and control groups. The experimental group used progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) technology for 30 min per day for 5 consecutive days. During this period, the control group received only routine care and treatment. Before and after the intervention, the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Scale (STAI) and Sleep State Self-Rating Scale (SRSS) were used to measure and record patient anxiety and sleep quality. Finally, data analysis was performed using SPSS 25.0 software.

Results

The average anxiety score (STAI) before intervention was not statistically significant (P = 0.730), and the average anxiety score after intervention was statistically significant (P < 0.001). The average sleep quality score (SRSS) of the two groups before intervention was not statistically significant (P = 0.838), and it was statistically significant after intervention (P < 0.001).

Conclusion

Progressive muscle relaxation as an auxiliary method can reduce anxiety and improve sleep quality in patients with COVID-19.

References

Kai Liu  1 , Ying Chen  2 , Duozhi Wu  3 , Ruzheng Lin  4 , Zaisheng Wang  4 , Liqing Pan  4. Effects of progressive muscle relaxation on anxiety and sleep quality in patients with COVID-19. Complement Ther Clin Pract.  ;39:101132. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2020.101132. Epub  Mar 6 2020. May 2020.

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